How to Calculate the Break-Even Point Forbes Advisor INDIA

Use This Formula To Calculate A Breakeven Point

When total costs match total revenues during a period of time, the company hasn’t yet made a profit, but it also hasn’t lost money at this point. Is very simple and calculation for the same is done by dividing the total fixed costs of production by the contribution margin per unit of product manufactured. It’s one of the biggest questions you need to answer when you’re starting a business. To calculate the break-even analysis, we divide the total fixed costs by the contribution margin for each unit sold. Using the earlier example, let’s say that the total fixed costs are $10,000. It is also possible to calculate how many units need to be sold to cover the fixed costs, which will result in the company breaking even.

What is the breakeven point and how is it calculated?

The break-even point is the point at which total cost and total revenue are equal, meaning there is no loss or gain for your small business. In other words, you've reached the level of production at which the costs of production equals the revenues for a product.

That’s the difference between the number of units required to meet a profit goal and the required units that must be sold to cover the expenses. In our example, Barbara had to produce and sell 2,500 units to cover the factory expenditures and had to produce 3,500 units in order to meet her profit objectives. It’s the amount of sales the company can afford to lose but still cover its expenditures. In accounting and business, the break-even point is the production level at which total revenues equal total expenses. Companies use break-even analysis to determine what price they must charge to generate enough revenue to cover their costs.

Contribution Margin Method (or Unit Cost Basis)

Calculating the breakeven point is just one component of cost-volume-profit analysis, but it’s often an essential first step in establishing a sales price point that ensures a profit. In general, lower fixed costs lead to a lower break-even point—but only if variable costs are not higher than sales revenue. On the other hand, variable costs change based on your sales activity. Examples of variable costs include direct materials and direct labor.

  • That is, we need to perform what is usually referred to as a cost-volume-profit analysis .
  • Contribution Margin is the difference between the price of a product and what it costs to make that product.
  • The profit is $190 minus the $175 break-even price, or $15 per share.
  • In investing, the break-even point is said to be achieved when the market price of an asset is the same as its original cost.

Now that you have a break-even analysis in hand, it’s time to start plugging in metrics to test your current business or startup idea. It’s in your best interest to set a price that leaves large enough margins so you can quickly break even. However, you don’t want to scare customers away with a high price. An appropriate selling price falls right around the point where supply and demand meet. Product LineProduct Line refers to the collection of related products that are marketed under a single brand, which may be the flagship brand for the concerned company. Fixed CostsFixed Cost refers to the cost or expense that is not affected by any decrease or increase in the number of units produced or sold over a short-term horizon.


If this happens, then you might risk not even reaching your breakeven point – since you are not even selling enough products for that. If that happens, you won’t be able to pay the necessary expenses. A solution to this would be to raise the asking price of the product – but also to try and cut the costs. You can take away from the fixed or variable ones – whichever is more convenient for you.

  • For example, if the economy is in a recession, your sales might drop.
  • When you break-even, you’re finally making enough to cover your operating costs.
  • If you’re already running your own business, you can always optimize your pricing strategies or find ways to increase your profit margins.
  • Discover the products that 32,000+ customers depend on to fuel their growth.
  • The break-even analysis can help people who are thinking about pursuing a business venture or already operating a business.

Note that in this formula, fixed costs are stated as a total of all overhead for the firm, whereas Price and Variable Costs are stated as per unit costs—​​the price for each product unit sold. Calculating the breakeven point is a key financial analysis tool used by business owners. Once you know the fixed and variable costs for the product your business produces or a good approximation of them, you can use that information to calculate your company’s breakeven point. Small business owners can use the calculation to determine how many product units they need to sell at a given price pointto break even. The contribution margin is the difference between the product’s selling price and its total variable cost. For example, if a suitcase sells at $125 and its variable cost is $15, then the contribution margin is $110. This BEP analysis helps in determining the number of units or revenue needed to cover the total costs.

Business Break-Even Point Calculation

If the stock is trading below this, the benefit of the option has not exceeded its cost. A break-even analysis will show you how to properly price your products from a business standpoint.

The formula for figuring that out is really easy once you have the break-even point in units. To break even, company A would have to produce 129,032 units and generate GPB 322,580 in revenue.

Break-even calculation is applied to a huge variety of contexts. For instance, in the world of finance and economics, the break-even point refers to the stage where total cost and total revenue becomes equal. There are two basic ways to calculate a business break-even point – one is based on the number of units of product sold, and the other is based on the points in sales dollars. And this is one of the reasons why the cost-volume-profit analysis Use This Formula To Calculate A Breakeven Point is such a great tool. Because while it may be very difficult to estimate how many units of a product you will sell, if you turn that question into “is it feasible to sell X units of my product at a price of Y? And the other, and the most important one, is that we’re assuming that we sell every unit we produce. If that’s not the case, to avoid this assumption, we would have to factor in the cost of the wasted resources in our total costs.

Use This Formula To Calculate A Breakeven Point

The break-even point is an important financial metric, which helps to analyze business and its viability. It definitely helps in lowering risks, setting price and targets, helps with additional funding, but for the long-term, it cannot be the only one tool to judge the financial health of any business. This means Neil needs to generate revenue of $3200 by selling the protein supplements to reach the break-even point. Closely monitor the product margins and work towards to increase sales of the highest-margin items, in order to reduce the BEP. In other words, it tells youhow many units you need to sell to have a profit of zero . You can then start experimenting with your pricing and other aspects of your business strategy by inputting different figures to this formula. Learn accounting fundamentals and how to read financial statements with CFI’s free online accounting classes.

Calculating the Break-Even Point in Sales Dollars

The break-even point refers to the amount of revenue required to cover a business’s fixed costs/expenses and variable costs/expenses. The break-even point, i.e. income generated to cover all expenses in a certain period, can be measured in monetary value or hours worked by a company’s staff. As you can see, the Barbara’s factory will have to sell at least 2,500 units in order to cover it’s fixed and variable costs. Anything it sells after the 2,500 mark will go straight to the CM since the fixed costs are already covered. Therefore, given the fixed costs, variable costs, and selling price of the water bottles, Company A would need to sell 10,000 units of water bottles to break even. In other words, it is used to assess at what point a project will become profitable by equating the total revenue with the total expense. Another very important aspect that needs to address is whether the products under consideration will be successful in the market.

  • In other words, the maximum amount of profits that could be generated.
  • Those with small businesses might wonder what would happen if the sales suddenly changed.
  • Performing a break-even analysis allows you to determine when you will likely begin generating a profit and where your sales levels need to be to maintain profitability on a monthly basis.
  • The difference is that the contribution margin ratio is expressed as a percentage of the sales price per unit rather than a dollar amount.
  • She has more than a decade of experience working in news, public relations and communications.
  • In other words, the breakeven point is equal to the total fixed costs divided by the difference between the unit price and variable costs.

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